CD4 CELLS(WHITE BLOOD CELLS)

CD4 CELLS(WHITE BLOOD CELLS)
   

WHAT ARE CD4 CELLS?
CD4 cells are a type of lymphocyte (white blood cell). They are an important part of the immune system. CD4 cells are sometimes called T-cells. There are two main types of T-cells. T-4 cells, also called CD4, are “helper” cells. They lead the attack against infections. T-8 cells (CD8) are “suppressor” cells that end the immune response. CD8 cells can also be “killer” cells that kill cancer cells and cells infected with a virus.
Researchers can tell these cells apart by specific proteins on the cell surface. A T-4 cell is a T-cell with CD4 molecules on its surface. This type of T-cell is also called “CD4 positive,” or CD4.


WHY ARE CD4 CELLS IMPORTANT IN HIV?
HIV most often infects CD4 cells. The virus becomes part of the cells, and when they multiply to fight an infection, they make more copies of HIV
When someone is infected with HIV but has not started treatment, the number of CD4 cells they have goes down. This is a sign that the immune system is being weakened. The lower the CD4 cell count, the more likely the person will get sick.
There are millions of different families of CD4 cells. Each family is designed to fight a specific type of germ. When HIV reduces the number of CD4 cells, some of these families can be wiped out. You can lose the ability to fight off the particular germs those families were designed for. If this happens, you might develop opportunistic infection.
CD4 CELLS(WHITE BLOOD CELLS) CD4 CELLS(WHITE BLOOD CELLS) Reviewed by Gregory on July 12, 2017 Rating: 5

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