HEALTHY ADOLESCENCY HEALTHY FUTURE



 
ADOLESCENT HEALTH ISSUES
 The word adolescence is coined from the latin verb adolescere meaning to grow into"maturity". Adolescence therefore may be viewed as a process rather than a time period,a process of achieving the attitude and beliefs needed for effective participation in a society.it also affirmed that adolescence is that period of rapid growth sandwich in between childhood and adulthood incorporating psychosocial as well as physical growth.
     Adolescents are often misunderstood by those who should provide them with genuine information about life generally .Also,there are some developmental tasks to accomplish which are;

-Identification.
-Functional Identification.
-Cognitive development.
-Sexual concept.

KEY FACTS ON ADOLESCENT ISSUES
-Estimated 1.2 million adolescents died in 2015,over 3000 everyday.Mostly from preventable or treatable causes.

-Road traffic injuries were the leading causes of adolescent deaths in 2015.Other major causes of adolescent deaths include lower respiratory infections,suicide,diarrhoeal diseases and drowning.

-Globally,there are 44 births per 1000 to girls aged 15 to 19 per year.

-Half of all mental health disorders in adulthood start by age 14 but most cases are undetected and untreated

PROBLEMS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOLESCENTS
1.Physical body changes ; Where growth spurt occurs with the development of secondary sex characteristics,menarche (menstruation)takes place and the body develops into that of an adult.
2.A desire to leave childhood; This always looks confusing as sometimes he also wants security and support like a child.

3. Idealism wherein the adolescents belief; They need a better world to live and this must be properly channeled or else they may cause uproar or violence in the community.

4. Health role; At this period they learn much on how to be responsible for their own health and lifestyle.

5. Openness to new ideas and type of lifestyle; This makes them to think that parents,teachers,elder brothers and sisters are "out of touch".


FEATURES AND CHARACTERISTICS FOUND IN FEMALE ADOLESCENTS
 - Breast and genital development.
- Armpit hair.
- Rounded body contours.
-Menarche.
-Hairs in pubic areas.
-Attraction to opposite sex.

FEATURES AND CHARACTERISTICS FOUND IN MALE ADOLESCENTS
-Hairs on the face,chest,armpit.
-Change in voice.(voice becomes deep)
-Muscle development.
-Enlargement of scrotum,penis and prostate.
-Testes with occasional ejaculation.


 CHALLENGES FACED BY YOUNG PEOPLE

-Coping with physical ,emotional and social challenges that accompany this period of transition from childhood to adulthood.


-The globalisation of communication and confusing messages about male versus female sexuality portrayed in the mass media.

-Inadequate access to appropriate information,education and services to meet their peculiar needs during this transitional period.

-General inequalities including the double standard on sex before marriage, where premarital sex is restricted for girls and tolerated for boys.
     
      World Health Organisation (WHO) carries out a range of functions to improve the health of young people, including:
  • production of evidence-based guidelines to support health services and other sectors;
  • making recommendations to governments on adolescent health and the provision of high quality, age-appropriate health services for adolescents;
  • documenting progress in adolescent health and development; and
  • raising awareness of health issues for young people among the general public and other interested stakeholders.

SOME FEMALE ADOLESCENTS SEXUAL HEALTH PROBLEMS

Teenage pregnancy-
Teen pregnancy is an issue of interest to many parents,teachers and health workers because of its social-economic influence on the female teenager.when a female teenager becomes pregnant ,teenage pregnancy has taken place.It becomes abnormal when it happens out of wedlock but in cultures where this is supported,nothing seems to be wrong with it among the inhabitants of the areas.

CAUSES- urbanisation,easy mobility and delayed marriages due to long periods devoted to the attainment of a career or profession by the female which subsequently allow more freedom with implications for teenage and unwanted pregnancies.

Abortion- When female adolescents become pregnant due to attendants socio-economic problems associated with it,most of them think of abortion.This is also a problem in some countries where abortion is not yet legalised and so when it is to be done,it is often done in secrecy and usually quacks are consulted.

Sexual transmitted infections- Unguided sexual exploration among adolescents lead to infection with disease that are sexually transmitted.Increase in sexuality transmitted disease in the world today can be attributed to early initiation into sexual activity and poor access to contraception and treatment facilities among adolescents.

Prostitution- The current harsh economic situation moral laxity,poor religious background ,broken homes and lack of parental care are forcing many female adolescents into prostitution.exposing them to diseases like HIV/AIDS

 
SOME MALE ADOLESCENTS SEXUAL HEALTH PROBLEMS

Masturbation- This is self sexual stimulation of the genitalia to experience joyous sensual pleasure.While it can happen also among females,it is usually more pronounced among male adolescents due to videos and film,obscene pictures etc.Most cultures and religion frowns at masturbation and it may also lead to poor healthy sexual life in future.

Drug misuse and abuse- Drug abuse is the unintentional or inappropriate use of prescribed on non-prescription drugs which may or may not lead to the impairment of the users physical,mental,emotional and psycho-social disorder in which recurrences occur requiring periodic treatment.




DRUGS>>METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION>>PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCY>> POSSIBLE EFFECT.

Opium->>>Oral,smoked->>>High->>>Euphoria,drowsiness,respiratory depression,nausea and constricted pupil.

Heroin->>>Oral,Injected-High->>>Euphoria,drowsiness,respiratory depression,nausea and constricted pupil.

Alcohol->>>Oral,Injected->>>High->>>Sedation,poor judgement,liver and brain damage.

Cocaine->>>Smoked,sniffing,injected->>>Excessive alertness,euphoria,insomnia,loss of appetite->>>Depression,irritability,excessive sleeping,toxic psychosis.

Marijauna->>>Smoked,oral->>>High->>>Infertility,disoriented behaviour,increased appetite,euphoria.


OTHER SEXUAL PROBLEMS;Impotence,sexual transmitted diseases(STD's) etc.


 

HEALTHY ADOLESCENCY HEALTHY FUTURE HEALTHY ADOLESCENCY HEALTHY FUTURE Reviewed by Gregory on July 18, 2017 Rating: 5

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