PROSTATE CANCER EVERY MAN'S PROBLEM

                                         PROSTATE CANCER EVERY MAN'S PROBLEM

prostate cancer cells

          Firstly,the word Prostate comes from a medieval latin prostrate and medieval french. Which simply means "set before". the prostate is so called because of its position. It is at the base of the bladder.
          Prostate is the development of cancer in the prostate gland in the male reproductive system and occurs only in men.The prostate gland is the size of a walnut and weighs about 20gramms.Its job is to produce the seminal fluid which is stored in the seminal vessicle.During sexual intercourse,seminal fluid comes down the urethra and mixes with the sperms produced in the testicles to form the semen.So semen technically is not just sperm but mixture of both seminal fluid and sperm.
       When a man is affected by prostate cancer, the prostate gland tends to increase in size from 20gramms-100grams as this occurs it squeezes the urethra and the man begins to notice changes in the urination process.
Note ;every man will have prostate enlargement if he lives long enough.



SOME BASIC FACTS ABOUT PROSTATE CANCER
-It may initially cause no symptoms.
-In later stages it can lead to difficulty in urinating,blood in the urine or pain in the pelvis,back or when urinating.
-In the U.S around 209-292 men are diagnosed with cancer per year.
-Prostate cancer mainly occurs in older men-about six cases in ten are diagnosed in men around 65yrs and older.
-Men with high blood pressure are likely to have prostate cancer.


      TYPES OF PROSTATE CANCER
  1. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  2. Prostatic adenocarcinoma.
  3. Small cell carcinoma.
  4. Squamous cell carcinoma.
  5. Prostatic sarcomas.
  6. Transitional cell carcinoma.
      SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PROSTATE CANCER
-Burning or pain during urination.
-Difficulty urinating or starting and stopping while urinating.
-More frequent urges to urinate at night.
-Loss of bladder control.(incontinence)
-Decreased flow or velocity of urine stream.
-Blood in urine(haematuria)
-Blood in semen.
-Difficulty getting an erection (erectile dysfunction)
-Painful ejaculation.
-Swelling in legs or pelvic area.
-Numbness or pain in the hips,legs or feet.
-Bone pain that doesn't go away,or leads to fracture.

RISK FACTORS OF PROSTATE CANCER
-Age; About 99% of cases of prostate cancer occurs in those over the age of 40 and above.After the age of 40,due to hormonal changes the prostate gland begins to enlarge from 20gramm to a 100gramms and as it enlarges it squeezes the urethra and the man begins to notice changes in the way he urinates.

-Genetics; In the United states,prostate cancer affects mostly the black Americans,it is most common with the black Americans.Men with first degree relatives who are suffering from prostate cancer have double risk of having prostate cancer.

-Dietary factor; According to the U.S National Cancer Institute 33% of cancers today are caused from what we eat .Consumption of some foods like red meat,milk,alcohol doubles the risk of getting prostate cancer .Also the habit of not taking fruits and vegetables everyday doubles the risk of prostrate cancer.
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-Medication exposure; Some links has been found between some medications and prostate cancer.Use of cholesterol lowering drugs such as statins may increase the risk of prostate cancer.

-Infectious disease; Prostate cancer has been associated with gonorrhea and many other infectious disease.

-Sexual factors; Studies has shown that having several sexual partners or starting sexual activities earlier in life may increase the risk of prostate cancer.Another study also suggest that frequent ejaculation(21 times in a month)may decrease the risk of prostate cancer.
   Other risk factors associated with prostate cancer are;Obesity,Race.......etc.


 TREATMENT/CONTROL OF PROSTRATE CANCER
      There are several ways in which prostrate cancer can be treated;
1.Use of chemotheraphy
2.Transurethral resection of the prostrate(TURP)
3.Immunotherapy.
4.Placing the patient on Radiation therapy.
5. Early detection and treatment.
6.Surgery.

PREVENTION(s)
1.Diet-One must ensure he takes lots of fruits and vegetables, tomatoes are very good for prostate cancer,it contains an active antioxidant known as lycopene coupled with CD4 cells to fight against the cancer cells also foods rich in zinc such as pumpkin seed and okra etc replenish zinc(which are lost by men in large quantity anytime they ejaculate)

2.Lifestyle-One must maintain a stable relationship,avoid multiple partners and all what not.

3.Men should avoid tight under wears.

4.Exercise-like brisk walking.

PROSTATE CANCER EVERY MAN'S PROBLEM PROSTATE CANCER EVERY MAN'S PROBLEM Reviewed by Gregory on July 16, 2017 Rating: 5

1 comment:

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