Things You Must Know About HIV/AIDS.


HIV is a viral disease known as Human immunodeficiency virus. It is highly contagious and spreads through body fluids particularly semen, blood and specific cells of the immune system known as  CD4 cells (cluster differentiation) or Tcells(T.lymphocytes). Overtime, these virus weakens your immune system and destroys many of these cells. This virus advances into AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) which causes an infected person to get uncommon diseases and illnesses.

HIV and AIDS has continued to eat deep into many regions of the world, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) at the end of 2010 there was an estimated global increase in the number of affected persons to about 34 million people but several proactive measures and awareness of the disease has helped to contain the disease which has lead to a steady increase which has reached 38.8million people living with this virus

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How You Can Get HIV
  • Having unprotected sex.
  • Use of drug needles or syringe with someone who is infected with HIV.
  • This deadly virus can also be passed from mother to child during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. Thus, it is important to test all pregnant women for HIV.

 How Do I Know If I Have Hiv?
  • Fever.
  • Sore throat.
  • Headache.
  • Muscles and joint pain.
  • Swollen glands.
  • Skin rash.
        You may notice this symptoms for some days to maybe several weeks after which the person is first infected,the early symptoms usually go away within 2 to 3 weeks.
     After the occurence of this first symptoms you would experience this symptoms again after some years and this symptoms may include;
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Extreme tiredness.
  • Weight loss.
  • Night sweats.

What are the Various Types Of HIV? 
It consists of two types which are;
  • HIV-1 
  • HIV-2.

Treatment of HIV/AIDS
 HIV can be managed through the use of some drugs like
  • Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. e.g Zidovudine.
  • Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
  • Nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor.
  • Protease inhibitors.
 Mode of registering this drugs to patient is through the combination of two or more drugs from each of these classes to effectively combat the virus for example one Non-nucleoside  reverse transcriptase inhibitor(NNRTI) plus two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and treatment with the combination of this drugs are known as first line therapy when the body resist the drugs that is when it is no longer effective as a result of abuse or prolonged treatment,combination of drugs which include protease inhibitor(PI) like aluvia are used and when these are used on the patient it is referred to as a second line therapy. eventually if the system still resist the second line therapy too nothing else can be done then the patient is said to be resistance to therapy.

What is antiretroviral therapy?
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the use of HIV medicines to treat HIV infection. People on ART take a combination of HIV medicines (called an HIV regimen) every day.
ART is recommended for everyone infected with HIV. ART can’t cure HIV, but HIV medicines help people with HIV live longer, healthier lives. ART also reduces the risk of HIV transmission.

How do HIV medicines work?
HIV attacks and destroys the infection-fighting CD4 cells of the immune system. Loss of CD4 cells makes it hard for the body to fight off infections and certain HIV-related cancers.

HIV medicines prevent HIV from multiplying (making copies of itself), which reduces the amount of HIV in the body. Having less HIV in the body gives the immune system a chance to recover. Even though there is still some HIV in the body, the immune system is strong enough to fight off infections and certain HIV-related cancers.

By reducing the amount of HIV in the body, HIV medicines also reduce the risk of HIV transmission.
     Several factors needs to be considered before placing a patient on ART
1.Clinical features(health conditions of the patient)
2.Lab test.

      Types of HIV test kits are
  • The determinant test kit.
  • Unigold test kit
  • Start pack test kit

 Finally the method of HIV testing includes
  • Serial algorithm: It involves carrying all test at the same time.
  • Parallel algorithm: Tests are carried out one after the other
Things You Must Know About HIV/AIDS. Things You Must Know About HIV/AIDS. Reviewed by Gregory on July 07, 2017 Rating: 5

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