TIPS ON MEDICAL KNOW-HOW FOR SIGNS OF STROKE,HEART ATTACK AND CARDIAC ARREST.

TIPS ON MEDICAL KNOW-HOW FOR SIGNS OF STROKE,HEART ATTACK AND CARDIAC ARREST.

Know the signs of stroke;With the acronym FAST.
- Facial weakness.
-Arm weakness.
-Speech difficulties.
-Time is brain.

What to do;You can make use of the DRSABCD.

D-check for danger
  • To the affected person.
R-check the response
Ask the victim some few questions. if someone has had a stroke, they may not be able to talk, so grasp both their hands and ask them to squeeze,they may respond by squeezing one of your hands.

S-send for help
contact your emergency medical unit.

A-Check airway
  • Is the airway open?
  • Open the mouth and check that the upper airway that is visible to you is clear of foreign material.
If the airway is not clear, turn the person into recovery position.
  • Kneel beside the person.
  • Put their arm that’s farthest from you out at right angles to their body.
  • Place their nearer arm across their chest.
  • Bend their nearer leg up at the knee; the other leg should be straight.
  • While supporting their head and neck, roll the person away from you.
  • When they are on their side, keep their top leg bent at the knee, with the knee touching the ground.
recovery position
Then tilt the head slightly backwards and downwards to let anything that’s in the airway (such as vomit) drain out, and clear the airway with your fingers.

B-check for breathing.
  • Tilt the head back by lifting the person's chin.
  • Look — is the person’s chest rising and falling?
  • Listen — can you hear the person breathing?
  • Feel — can you feel their breath on your cheek?
If the person is not breathing, proceed to the next step: cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
If the person is breathing, follow steps below under

C-give CPR
  • Turn the person onto their back.
  • Kneeling beside the person, give 30 chest compressions on the lower half of the breastbone. Use 2 hands with the fingers interlocked.
  • Then tilt the head backwards, lift the chin and give 2 mouth-to-mouth breaths while pinching the nose shut.
  • Keep alternating between 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the person shows signs of life or medical help arrives.
D- Artificial External Difibrillation
If the person does not respond to CPR, apply defibrillator (if available) and follow the voice prompts.


Know the signs of heart attack;
-If someone experiences chest discomfort.
-Arm,back,neck or jaw pain.
-Shortness of breath.
-Sweating,nausea,light-headed.

What to do;
-Contact your emergency medical unit.
-Quit all activities.
-Dispense nitroglycerin.to the victim.
-Also dispense Aspirin to the victim.
-Advice the victim to stay calm while you wait for medical assistance.

Know the signs of cardiac arrest;
If someone collapses and is:
-Not responding.
-Not breathing.

 What to do;
 -Contact your emergency medical unit.
-Carryout a cardiopulmonary resuscitation by pushing the chest of the victim upward and downward.
-Reach out for an automated external defibrillator.(AED)
-Don't be afraid of carrying out cardiopulmonary on the victim.
TIPS ON MEDICAL KNOW-HOW FOR SIGNS OF STROKE,HEART ATTACK AND CARDIAC ARREST. TIPS ON MEDICAL KNOW-HOW FOR SIGNS OF STROKE,HEART ATTACK AND CARDIAC ARREST. Reviewed by Gregory on July 17, 2017 Rating: 5

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