STROKE,KNOW THE SIGNS!


 
   
Stroke is the second leading cause of mortality and the leading cause of adult impairment in America.A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted  or severely reduced,depriving brain organs of oxygen and food.Within minutes brain cells begin to die,killing the nerve cells and potentially leaving you with permanent disabilities.
     
                            CLASSIFICATION OF STROKE
 Stroke can be classified into three,which are:
-Transient Ischemic Attack(TIA).
-Ischemic Stroke.
-Hemorrhagic Stroke.

TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK

This may be referred to as minor stroke which a person experiences a Stroke-like symptoms for up to one-two hours.A (TIA) is caused by temporary disturbance of blood flow to the brain.A (TIA) is often considered a warning sign that a true stroke may occur in the future if swift preventive measures is not carried out.
N:B:Approximately 10% of those who have stroke have had a TIA.

ISCHEMIC STROKE
This occurs when fatty deposits buildup in the body blood vessels causing blockage for blood flow from getting to other sensitive organs.It can also occur in other arteries such as those that lead to the heart known as coronary arteries,which may lead to a heart attack.

HEMORRHAGIC STROKE
Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when the arteries in the brain either burst open or leak's blood.Thus,placing pressure on brain cells and causing severe damage to the brain tissues.Blood vessels can burst and spill blood within the brain or near the surface of the brain.Hemorrhagic stroke takes two forms which are;

-Intracerebral Hemmorhage.

-Subarachnoid Hemmorhage.

WHAT ARE STROKE WARNING SIGN

1.Numbness or weakness of the face,arm,especially on one side of the body.

2.Trouble speaking or difficulty to understand.

3.Difficulty in seeing with one or both eyes.

4.Dizziness,loss of balance or coordination.

5.Severe headache with unknown cause.


STROKE RISK FACTORS
Stroke risk factors are habits that increases the chances of having stroke.The more risk factors the greater the chance of one having stroke.

-Smoking.
-High blood pressure.
-Inactive lifestyle.
-Overweight.
-Diabetes.
-High cholesterol.

WHAT TO DO;You can make use of the DRSABCD. 

D-check for danger
  • To the affected person.
R-check the response
Ask the victim some few questions. if someone has had a stroke, they may not be able to talk, so grasp both their hands and ask them to squeeze,they may respond by squeezing one of your hands.

S-send for help
contact your emergency medical unit.

A-Check airway
  • Is the airway open?
  • Open the mouth and check that the upper airway that is visible to you is clear of foreign material.
If the airway is not clear, turn the person into recovery position.
  • Kneel beside the person.
  • Put their arm that’s farthest from you out at right angles to their body.
  • Place their nearer arm across their chest.
  • Bend their nearer leg up at the knee; the other leg should be straight.
  • While supporting their head and neck, roll the person away from you.
  • When they are on their side, keep their top leg bent at the knee, with the knee touching the ground.
recovery position
Then tilt the head slightly backwards and downwards to let anything that’s in the airway (such as vomit) drain out, and clear the airway with your fingers.

B-check for breathing. 
  • Tilt the head back by lifting the person's chin.
  • Look — is the person’s chest rising and falling?
  • Listen — can you hear the person breathing?
  • Feel — can you feel their breath on your cheek?
If the person is not breathing, proceed to the next step: cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
If the person is breathing, follow steps below under

C-give CPR
  • Turn the person onto their back.
  • Kneeling beside the person, give 30 chest compressions on the lower half of the breastbone. Use 2 hands with the fingers interlocked.
  • Then tilt the head backwards, lift the chin and give 2 mouth-to-mouth breaths while pinching the nose shut.
  • Keep alternating between 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the person shows signs of life or medical help arrives.
D- Artificial External Difibrillation
If the person does not respond to CPR, apply defibrillator (if available) and follow the voice prompts.


PREVENTING STROKE
-Engaging in physical activity.Thus,will reduce your risk of stroke by 20%.
-Eating fish once a week.
-Keeping your blood pressure under control.
-Avoid smoking.
-Maintain a healthy weight.
-Eating a recommended 5 servings of fruits and vegetables daily.


STROKE,KNOW THE SIGNS! STROKE,KNOW THE SIGNS! Reviewed by Gregory on August 10, 2017 Rating: 5

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