Drug Abuse and Its Harmful Effects-gregoryhealthworld.com


        Drug abuse also called substance abuse or chemical is a disorder that is characterized by a destructive pattern of using substance that leads to significant problems or distress. It affects more than 7% of people at some point in their lives, teens are increasingly engaging in prescription drug abuse, particularly narcotics (which are prescribed to relive severe pain) and stimultant medications, which treat conditions like attention deficit disorder.

Virtually any substance whose ingestion can result in a euphoria (high) feeling can be abused while many are aware of the abuse of legal substances like marijuana (in most states) and cocaine, less well known is the fact that inhalants like household cleaners are some of the most commonly abused substances.
   The following are many of the drugs and types of drugs that are commonly abused and/or result in dependence;

       Although legal,alcohol is a toxic substance, particularly to a developing fetus when a mother consumes this drug during pregnancy.

       This group of drugs comes in many forms, from prescription medications like methylphenidate (ritalin, concerta) and dextroamphetamine and amphetamine. Overdose of any of these substances can result to seizure and death.

        While it is consumed by many, coffee, tea and soda drinkers when consumed in excess this substance can produce palpitations, insomnia, tremors and significant anxiety.

         A group of substances abused by bodybuilders and other atheletes, this group of drugs can lead to terrible psychological effects like aggression and paranoia as wellas devastating long term effects like infertility and organ failure

        A drug that tends to stimulate the nervous system, cocaine can be snorted in powder form, smoked when in the form of rocks (crack cocaine) or injected when made into a liquid form.

        The addictive substance found in cigarettes, nicotine is usually one of the most habit-forming substances that exists. Infact, nicotine addiction is often compared to the intense addictiveness associated with opiates like heroin.
         Also, other addictive substances are;
- Cannabis.

- Ecstasy.

- Hallucinogens.

- Inhalants.

- Opiates.

- Phencylidine

Stages of Drug Abuse
Public health experts usually break up drug abuse into stages:

In the experimental use stage, you use the drug with peers or for recreation.

In the regular use stage, you change your behavior and use the drug to fix negative feelings.

In the daily preoccupation, or risky use, stage, you’re preoccupied with the drug and don’t care about your life outside of your drug use.

In the dependent stage, you’re unable to face your life without using the drug. Your financial and personal problems increase, and you may also take risks to obtain the drug that result in legal problems.

1. Recurrent drug use that results in a lack of meeting impoetant obligations at work, school or home.

2. Recurrent drug use in situations that can be dangerous.

3. Recurrent legal problems as a result of drug use.

4. Continued drug use despite continued or repeated social or relationship problems as a result of the drug effects.

Peer groups

Emotional distress


Lack of parental care

Mentally unstable

     A person who abuses drugs may not realize they have a problem until pronounced effects of drug abuse are seen, often physically. While drug abuse effects on the body vary depending on the drug used, all drug abuse negatively impacts one's health. Common effects of drug abuse on the body include sleep changes and decreased memory and cognitive abilities.

Other common physical problems include:

Abnormal vital signs like respiration, heart rate and blood pressure

Chest or lung pain

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain

Skin can be cool and sweating or hot and dry

Diseases such as hepatitis B or C, or HIV from needle-sharing


More frequent illnesses

Frequent hangovers, blackout

   The primary goals of drug abuse or addiction treatment also called (recovery) are abstinence, relapse prevention and rehabilitation. During the initial stage of abstinence, an individual who suffers from chemical dependency may need help avoiding or lessening the effects of withrawal. That process is called detoxification or detox that aspect of treatment is usually performed in a hospital or other inpatient setting, where medications used to lessen withdrawal symptoms and frequent medical monitoring can be provided. The medications used for detox are determined by the substance the individual is dependent upon. For many drug addict, the detox process is the most difficult aspect of coping with the physical symptoms of addiction and tends to last days to a few weeks.

However, those who have a more severe addiction have relasped after participation in outpatient programs or who also suffers from a severe mental illness might need the higher structure, support and monitoring provided in an inpatient drug treatment center, sometimes called rehab following such inpatient treatment, many people with this level of addiction can benefit from living in a sober living community. that is, a group-home setting where counselors provide continued sobriety support and structure on a daily basis.
Drug Abuse and Its Harmful Effects-gregoryhealthworld.com Drug Abuse and Its Harmful Effects-gregoryhealthworld.com Reviewed by Gregory on February 22, 2018 Rating: 5


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