MISCARRIAGES: Symptoms, Causes, Test and Prevention-GregoryHealthworld

Miscarriage

What is a miscarriage?
A miscarriage is any pregnancy that ends spontaneously before the fetus can survive. It is medically referred to as ''spontaneous abortion'', the WHO defines this unsurvivable state as an embryo or fetus weighing 500 grams or less which typically corresponds to a fetal age (gestational age) of 20-22 weeks or less.

   FACTS ON MISCARRIAGES


  •  Miscarriages that occur before the eighth week 30% have no fetus associated with the sac or placenta. This condition is called blighted ovum.
  • About 15% of fertilized eggs are lost before the egg even has a chance to implant in the wall of the uterus.
  • Miscarriage occurs in about 15-20% of all recognized pregnancies and usually occurs before the thirteenth week of pregnancies.
  • Another 15% of conceptions are lost before eight weeks gestation. Once fetal heart function is detected in a given pregnancy, the chance of miscarriage is less than 5%. 

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   SYMPTOMS OF MISCARRIAGE

  •  Cramping and vaginal bleeding are the most common symptoms noticed with spontaneous abortion. The cramping and bleeding maybe very mild, moderate or severe.
  • Vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy is often referred to as a threatened abortion. The term threatened abortion is used since miscarriage does not always follow vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy even after repeated episodes or large amount of bleeding.


                                                

   CAUSES OF MISCARRIAGE

  • Chromosomal abnormalities of the fetus.
  • Collagen vascular disease.
  • Diabetes.
  • Hormonal factors.
  • Infections.
  • Abnormal structure anatomy.
  • Invasive surgical procedures.


                                                    
      TREATMENT                                                        
The only objective is for the doctor to ensure and figure out whether the woman has passed all of the tissue from the fetus and placenta. If she has then she only requires observation by medical personnel.

On the other hand, a woman who has not passed all of the tissue will usually need suction dilation and curettage (D&C) of the uterus to remove any retained products of the pregnancy. This procedure is done with local anesthesia and sometimes antibiotics may be prescribed for the woman to prevent infection.

       
  TESTS TO CARRY OUT IF A WOMAN HAS UNDERGONE 2-3 CONSECUTIVE MISCARRIAGES.

  • Blood testing (karyotyping).
  • Antinuclear antibody, anticardiolipin antibody, VDRL, RPR and lupus anticoagulant are some of the blood tests used to diagnose autoimmune diseases that can cause recurrent miscarriage.                                                            

    PREVENTION

  • Avoid alcohol, drugs, and smoking while pregnant.-Engage in light regular exercise to improve fetal health.
  • Maintain a healthy weight before and during pregnancy.
  • Avoid infections. Wash your hands thoroughly and stay away from people who are already sick.
  • Limit the amount of caffeine to no more than 200 milligrams per day.
  • Take prenatal vitamins to help ensure that you and your developing fetus get enough nutrients.
  • Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables.
MISCARRIAGES: Symptoms, Causes, Test and Prevention-GregoryHealthworld MISCARRIAGES: Symptoms, Causes, Test and Prevention-GregoryHealthworld Reviewed by Gregory on February 07, 2018 Rating: 5

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