Eczema- Atopic Dermatitis: Allergies, Causes and Treatments


eczema and its treatment

Overview Of Eczema
Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) is the most common and specific form of eczema, this condition result to dryness of skin, red, patchy, itchy, and cracked skin. It is generally agreed that the tendency  to atopy is genetically inherited. People with eczematous dermatitis have a variety of abnormal immunologic findings which are probably related to more than one genetic defect. For example, such individual tend to have elevated IgE antibody (immunoglobulin E) levels and have difficulty in fighting off certain viral, bacterial, and fungal infections.

Like most other noninfectious diseases, atopic skin disease can be triggered by environmental factors. One of the hallmarks of atopic dermatitis is excessive skin dryness, which seems to be due a lack of certain skin proteins. Any factor that promotes dryness is likely to exacerbate atopic dermatitis.


Facts on Eczema
  • Intake of certain foods can stimulate symptoms such as nuts and diary foods.
  • Symptoms varies depending on age but often include symptoms like scaly, itchy patches of the skin
  • Eczema can also be triggered by some environmental factors.
  • Eczema is yet to have any full cure but can be managed. Thus, aiding to alleviate symptoms.
  • Eczema is not a contagious condition.
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Symptoms
Eczema most commonly causes dry, reddened skin that itches or burns, although the appearance of eczema varies from person to person and varies according to the specific types of eczema. Intense itching is generally the first symptom in most people with eczema. Sometimes, eczema may lead to blisters and oozing lesions, but eczema can also result in dry and scaly skin. Repeated scratching may lead to thickened, crusty skin.
While any region of the body may be affected by eczema, in children and adults, eczema typically occurs on the face, neck, and the insides of the elbows, knees, and ankles.

Symptoms in infants

  • Eczema typically occurs on the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp and neck
  • Rashes can be darken or light in colour.
Eczema can sometimes occur as a brief  reaction that only leads to symptoms for a few hours or days, but in other cases, the symptoms persist over a longer time and are referred to as chronic dermatitis.


Causes
Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) is the most common and specific form of eczema. Although, there has being no identifiable cause of eczema but can occur due to various factors.
  • Eczema can occur at any age but more common in infants and about 85% of those affected have an onset prior to 5 years of age.
  • Genetic or hereditary factors.
  • Environmental factors
  • Excessive sweating
  • Hormonal changes in women before their menstrual period or pregnancy
  • Use of harsh soaps and detergent (irritants).
  • Skin infections.


Treatments
Self-care at Home

  •  Ensure you remove whatever is causing  the allergic reaction. e.g. Changing of laundry detergent or moving to a new climate.
  • Bath in warm water.
  • Apply emollients on your wet skin after bath.
  • Avoid tight fitting clothing.
  • Use non prescription steroid cream.
  • Avoid physical or mental stress.
  • Make use of mild soap or body cleanser.
  • Be conversant with individual eczema triggers.


Medical treatment and Medications

  • Use of prescription-strength steroids cream.
  • Oral antibiotic may be prescribed.
  • Antifungal treatment.
  • Antihistamine medications are the usual treatment.
  • Phototherapy: This involves use of ultraviolet waves to treat moderate dermatitis.

For some severe cases, alternate treatment may be tried. These may include coal tar, PUVA (psoralen + ultraviolet A light) and chemotherapeutic agents.



Types Of Eczema
There are various types of eczema which include:
  1.  Atopic dermatitis
  2. Contact dermatitis
  3.  Dyshidrotic eczema
  4.  Hand eczema
  5. Neurodermatitis
  6. Nummular eczema Stasis dermatitis

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Eczema- Atopic Dermatitis: Allergies, Causes and Treatments Eczema- Atopic Dermatitis: Allergies, Causes and Treatments Reviewed by Gregory on November 08, 2018 Rating: 5

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